There are several types of skin conditions that can cause itching and rashes, and scabies is one of them. Scabies is a dermatologic condition caused by sarcoptes scabiei.
Multiple hypopigmented, well defined patches with brownish scaling on face and trunk.
Ringworm is a common infection of the skin and nails that is caused by fungus. The infection is called "ringworm" because it can cause an itchy, red, circular rash. Ringworm is also called "tinea" or "dermatophytosis."
Superficial bacterial infection. Impetigo (im-puh- TIE-go) is a highly contagious skin infection that mainly affects infants and children. Impetigo usually appears as red sores on the face, especially around a child's nose and mouth. The sores burst and develop honey-colored crusts.
Bacterial skin infection involving dermis and upper sub-cutaneous tissue. Common sites :- Face, ear and limbs.
Infection of subcutaneous tissue. Common sites:- periorbital region, leg, arms.
Bacterial infection resembling impetigo but producer deeper ulcerative lesion. Common sites:- lower limb and buttocks.
Infection of the hair follicles. Common sites:- Scalp, neck, buttocks. Common organism:- Staph, aureus.
Deep bacterial infection of a group of contiguous follicles involing surrounding subcutaneous tissue. Common organism:- Staph, aureus.
Usually involves single hair follicle forming small nodules witch becomes pustular and then necrotic. Common sites:- Face, neck, axilla, buttocks, occipital area of scalp.
Bacterial infection of nail bed. Common organism :- staph, aureus, streptococol, pseudomonas.
Dermatitis is a general term used to describe inflammation of the skin.
Due to contact with allergens, like cosmetic materials, imitation jewellery, bindi, nylon cloths, socks, chemicals etc.
Stars as a red patch on scalp, gradually these patches may develop scales. Secondary infection is quite common.
Localised neurodermatitis lichen simplex- mainly on leg associated with intense itching. Pityriasis alba is a low-grade type of eczema/dermatitis that primarily affects children.
The name refers to its appearance: pityriasis refers to its characteristic fine scale, and alba to its pale colour (hypopigmentation).
Multiple small nodules mainly on face may spread to other parts of the body.
Papullo - vesicular rash mainly along the nerve route. Usually presents as a band associated with severe pain.
Well circumscribed erythematous dry plaques covered with silvery scales. Aetiology- not known.
Development of white spots on body due to faulty melanin production.
MELASMA more common in female after pregnancy. Over cheeks and below the lower eye lids.
More common in adolescent age group and patients who are on long term steroids therapy.
It may be due to local causes like dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, pediculosis or diseases like typhoid, tuberculosis, jaundice. It is also common in female patieant with chronic cold and chronic leucorrhoea.
Loalised loss of hair. Mainly on scalp.
Dryness of skin mainly due to vit A deficinency.
Generally occur on the tops and sides of the toes. A hard corn is a small patch of thickened, dead skin with a small plug of skin in the centre. A soft corn has a much thinner surface, appears whitish and rubbery, and usually occurs between the toes. Seed corns are clusters of tiny corns that can be very tender if they are on a weight-bearing part of the foot. Seed corns tend to occur on the bottom of the feet, and some doctors believe this condition is caused by blocked sweat ducts.
A keloid, sometimes referred to as a keloid scar, is a tough heaped-up scar that rises quite abruptly above the rest of the skin. It usually has a smooth top and a pink or purple color. Keloids are irregularly shaped and tend to enlarge progressively. Unlike scars, keloids do not subside over time.
Leprosy is an infectious disease of the skin and nerves which, if left untreated, can lead to disability
and blindness. It is always caused by bacteria called Myobacterium leprae. The bacteria multiply
slowly, so the incubation period is about five years but can be up to 20 years. We know that
transmission still happens, as children as young as three are still diagnosed.
Leprosy can manifest in different ways for different people. You can find out more about classifying and treating leprosy here